Ag Outlooks

Research and updates from the Kansas City Fed highlighting developments in the agricultural economy.

Research and Updates

First Quarter Ag Bulletin

Ag economic conditions remained strong in the first quarter despite some signs that the recent strength could moderate.

Fourth Quarter Ag Bulletin

U.S. farm income was historically high in 2022 but is expected to moderate in 2023.

Commodity Prices Have Limited Influence on U.S. Food Inflation

Food prices increased at the fastest pace in more than two decades from July 2021 to July 2022. We show that this increase has...

Turmoil in Commodity Markets Following Russia's Invasion of Ukraine

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, which began in February 2022, has caused broad disruptions in global commodity markets.

COVID-19 Disruptions in the U.S. Meat Supply Chain

The emergence of COVID-19 in the U.S. has created substantial challenges for all segments of the meat supply chain.

July 31, 2020

COVID-19 Updates & Key Demand Drivers for Agriculture

A review of U.S. ag policy, exports, ethanol production and meat production.

Jun 22, 2020

Resources on the Ag Economy

Ag and the Economy

Find all of the Kansas City Fed's research on the agricultural economy.

Ag Finance Updates

Find articles summarizing recent developments in agricultural finance and lending.

Ag Credit Survey

The quarterly Ag Credit Survey provides current indicators of the financial performance of Tenth District agriculture.

Agricultural Symposium

The Kansas City Fed's Agricultural Symposium explores topics of current and emerging significance to agriculture.


Ag Bulletin


PDFFourth Quarter, 2022
PDFThird Quarter, 2022
PDFSecond Quarter, 2022
PDFFirst Quarter, 2022


PDFFourth Quarter, 2021
PDFThird Quarter, 2021
PDFSecond Quarter, 2021
PDFFirst Quarter, 2021


PDFFourth Quarter, 2020

Ag Outlook Articles

The Outlook for Farmland Values amid Higher Interest Rates
April 10, 2019 | In 2018, the spread between returns to farmland owners and benchmark interest rates narrowed to its lowest level in more than a decade in the Tenth Federal Reserve District.

PDFA Tale of Two Economies: Farmers Struggle Despite Strong U.S. Economy
September 28, 2018 | At a time when the overall U.S. economy continues to boom, the U.S. agricultural sector has continued to struggle.

As Winter Looms, Key Risks Keep Outlook Cool
January 8, 2018 | The outlook for agriculture remains downbeat but is beginning to show signs of stabilization.

Persistent Large Inventories, Low Prices
April 17, 2017 | Sentiment about the 2017 outlook for agriculture has varied somewhat by scale and commodity.

Headwinds to Ag Outlook Remain Despite Strength in Exports
December 28, 2016 | Some agricultural commodity prices in the U.S. got a boost from exports over the summer, but elevated exports seemed to only keep prices for some commodities from dropping further.