The Kansas City Fed's latest economic findings and perspectives on national economic conditions and issues related to monetary policy, industries and markets.

Economic Bulletin

Recent Bulletins

Economic Bulletin

The Evolving Relationship between COVID-19 and Financial Distress

During most of the COVID-19 pandemic, regions with high financial distress saw disproportionately more infections and deaths...

Economic Bulletin

Consumer Spending Declines, Shifts in Response to the Pandemic

Consumer spending plunged last spring as the pandemic swept through the United States. Although spending rebounded sharply in...

Economic Bulletin

Hybrid Officing Will Shift Where People and Businesses Decide to Locate

Many businesses are likely to shift to hybrid officing following the pandemic, with employees working remotely several days...

Economic Bulletin

Pandemic Relief Has Aided Low-Income Individuals: Evidence from Alternative Financial Services

Although low-income individuals are more likely to have lost their jobs due to the COVID-19 pandemic, pandemic relief efforts...

Economic Bulletin

PPP Raised Community Bank Revenue but Lowered Profitability

Community banks have played an outsized role in the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP), disbursing 37 percent of all PPP loans...

Economic Bulletin

Why Are Americans Saving So Much of Their Income?

For much of 2020, Americans have saved a greater share of their income than ever before. This increase in savings appears to...