Professional Development for Educators

Our goal: equip and empower educators to incorporate economic and financial concepts in their courses. Access webinars, data and resources to help meet your classroom needs.

Economic Information and Data

Research and Data

Dig into the Kansas City Fed's full portfolio of research and data to help you better understand the economy.

TEN Magazine

Review summaries of research and current news from the Kansas City Fed in this easy-to-read magazine format.

Community Development

We promote economic development and public understanding that leads to progress for lower-income individuals and communities.

Regional Research

Our work provides insights on local economies, including data on the seven states we serve.

Agriculture and the Economy

Review data and information about a major driver in the Tenth District economy - agriculture.

Banking and Payments

Find out more about issues affecting the banking and payments industries.

Federal Reserve Education

Want more resources? Search lesson plans and resources for educators from every Reserve Bank.

Historical Publications about the Federal Reserve

Dig into the history of the Federal Reserve with our free books.

Speeches

Review recent presentations by Kansas City Fed economists and speakers to get insights on the economy.

Economic Vocabulary

Economic Education

Fifty Nifty Econ Cards

Fifty Nifty Econ Cards are designed for elementary and middle school students to assist them in developing a knowledge base of economic and personal finance words.

Economic Education

Core Concept Cards

Core Concept Cards provide a strong foundation of economic and personal finance vocabulary for secondary students.

Key Educational Resources

Economic Education

Jay Starts a Business

This interactive story takes 4-6 grade students into the world of entrepreneurship by helping them start their own business.

Economic Education

The Money Circle

These lesson plans for high school students focus on four concepts related to money, from the history of money to its use in their own life and our economy.

Videos and Webinars

Evening with the Fed

Educators are invited to hear from our economists on current topics and events - from climate change to Covid-19.

Elementary and Middle School Webinars

Access on-demand professional development webinars made just for elementary and middle school teachers.

Webinars for High School Educators

Learn about new resources and information to help equip your high school classroom.

Career Education Webinars

Learn about skill building and opportunity occupations for students to consider for success on their chosen career path.

Events

Energy, Agriculture and the Russia-Ukraine War: Econ Ed from the Fed

, CDT Virtual Professional Development

Educators, join us for virtual professional development to examine real-world topics impacting our daily lives and the global economy. Looking to discuss current events with your students or want to learn more? Then this webinar is designed for you.

Econ Ed from the Fed - Cultural Competence: Discovering a New Lens

, CDT Kansas City Federal Reserve Bank

How do differences amongst your students affect what you teach? What does actively teaching diversity, equity, and inclusion look like? Join us as we explore these ideas and more in a full-day professional development opportunity for K-16 educators. The workshop will offer tools and resources that uncover biases and enhance one’s cultural competency.

Inflation and You: Econ Ed from the Fed

, CDT Virtual Professional Development

Educators, join us for a virtual professional development session to examine real-world topics impacting our daily lives and the global economy. Looking to discuss current events with your students or want to learn more? Then this webinar is designed for you. This program will include expert perspectives as well as insight from economic educators about class engagement.


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Trivia table
Trivia Title Trivia Content
Bite Size Economics

Choose a job and research its income in two different countries. (Example: a starting teacher in Mexico is paid $10,465 a year, while a starting teacher in Canada is paid $35,400 a year.) Discuss why the same job can have different salary levels in different countries.

Bite Size Economics

Review the credit scenarios from the Dallas Fed's Building Wealth in the Classroom, Lesson 9. Choose one and decide whether the teen described should borrow money. Write a short persuasive essay with reasons to support your answer. http://bit.ly/10IsJHM

Bite Size Economics

Discuss the word "panic" and brainstorm situations in which people may panic (severe weather, accidents, fire, etc.) How do you feel when you panic? Why could these feelings cause you to take actions you normally wouldn't? Relate these feelings to bank panics.

Bite Size Economics

Explore money from around the world by visiting the following website: www.clevelandfed.org/Learning_Center/Online_Activities/explore_money/index.cfm. Discuss money symbols and designs from several chosen countries, then vote for the most beautiful piece of currency. Ask students to redesign a U.S. dollar using more symbolism and color.

Bite Size Economics

Most states have created 529 plans to assist parents in saving for their children's future education. Have students research plans for the states in their region, including regulators, fees and internet options. Make a chart comparing neighboring states' 529 plans to your home state.

Bite Size Economics

Introduce the three types of resources, giving examples of each:Natural - gifts of nature used to make goods and services;Human - workers who make goods and provide services;Capital - goods made and used to provide other goods and services.Hand out magazines and have students find pictures of each type of resource. Use images to create a class resource poster with three columns labeled for the different resource types.

Bite Size Economics

Read Less than Zero by Stuart Murphy. Use the children's literature lesson from the Philadelphia Fed to discuss the topic of borrowing and repayment of debt. http://bit.ly/113exYV

Bite Size Economics

Certificates of deposit (CDs) are accounts that earn interest at a fixed rate over a set of time period and include penalties for withdrawing money early. Ask students to research interest rates of CDs at local banks. Make a class list of the best rates for each of the following CDs: 6 months; 12 months; 24 months; 36 months. Discuss why banks and credit unions pay higher rates for longer terms. Ask students if they would invest in a CD and why.

Bite Size Economics

How do high levels of employment affect economic growth?

Bite Size Economics

Would you want to bank at an unregulated bank? Give a two-minute oral presentation explaining your position.

Bite Size Economics

Ask the class to brainstorm ways they could spend $10. List ideas and ask them to narrow it down to one, since the class has only one $10 bill. When there is disagreement on which one, discuss that the scarcity of the money to be spent forces us to make choices.

Bite Size Economics

Discover how the recession influenced the savings habits of consumers in the Recession Lesson: "The Silver Lining of the Economic Downturn" at www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/education/teachingresources/RecessionLesson-SavingsHabits.pdf.

Bite Size Economics

Discuss the fable of the Grasshopper and the Ant and its "saving for the future" moral. Rewrite the fable using human characters to make the spending and savings decisions.

Bite Size Economics

The American economic system has tax laws that influence people's behavior. For example, a sales tax increase at restaurants might influence people to stop eating out. Write an essay on how a response to tax increases could have future consequences for businesses.

Bite Size Economics

Another name for the Bank Panic of 1907 was the Knickerbocker Crisis.

Bite Size Economics

Research the World Trade Organization (WTO) at: www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/whatis_e/whatis_e.htm. What is the goal of the WTO? List three benefits of the WTO trading system.

Bite Size Economics

Write about a situation where a scarcity of food, money or time caused a problem, and how that problem was solved.

Bite Size Economics

Discuss the difference between fact and opinion statements used to market a product. Hand out advertisements from magazines that contain both types of statements and ask students to identify the facts and opinions given. How can an awareness of these statements help consumers make wise choices?

Bite Size Economics

Use the Core Concepts Cards net worth calculator, available at www.federalreserveeducation.org/resources/coreconcepts/worksheets/whatsyournet, to figure your net worth. How can you increase assets or decrease liabilities to add value to your net worth?

Bite Size Economics

Use the "Creative Story Starter-Enterprising Entrepreneur" activity from the Fifty Nifty website: www.federalreserveeducation.org/resources/fiftynifty to have students write about a new product or business they would create.

Bite Size Economics

Entertainment purchases can be a budget downfall. Brainstorm a list of 10 budget-friendly ideas for family entertainment that cost $5 or less.

Bite Size Economics

The St. Louis Fed offers instant message simulations on a variety of personal finance topics. Try one and learn about how to open a bank account. http://bit.ly/14C0qf1

Bite Size Economics

Use the "Professor Finance and Fed Boy Meet the Catastrophe Clan" lesson: www.kansascityfed.org/education to introduce the Credit CARD Act and consumers' credit rights and responsibilities.

Bite Size Economics

North Dakota's oil surplus has led to a low unemployment rate and a state budget surplus. Research North Dakota's boom and write an essay about whether or not you would be interested in moving to the state under current circumstances.

Bite Size Economics

Make a collage of magazine ads that would appeal to consumers urging them to save money, possibly by living greener.

Bite Size Economics

Use the lesson plan and role play for "There's No Business Like Bank Business" to teach students the concept of how banks operate as a business: www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/education/teachingresources/No_Business_lesson.pdf and www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/education/teachingresources/Bank_Business_script.pdf.

Bite Size Economics

Discuss this quote: "Information is the currency of democracy." - Thomas Jefferson

Bite Size Economics

Choose one principle from the Guide to Economic Reasoning and illustrate it using an everyday life situation. (Example: People gain when they trade voluntarily - a picture of a student trading a food item with another student at lunch.)

Bite Size Economics

Design a new $500 bill with your nominee in the portrait. Remember to include legal currency details, such as denomination, serial numbers, seals and signatures. Add additional details to make your note unique.

Bite Size Economics

Discuss what Thomas Jefferson meant when he said, "The merchant has no country."

Bite Size Economics

Research three universities you may want to attend. Evaluate each one using a decision grid with these criteria: size, location, fields of study and tuition cost.

Bite Size Economics

Ask students to inventory their personal assets and liabilities and develop a graphic organizer with their results. Have them rate their personal financial situation as great, okay or needing improvement. Tell them to write three goals for their financial health in the next year.

Bite Size Economics

Read Uncle Jed's Barbershop by Margaree King Mitchell. Use the children's literature lesson to discuss the challenges of entrepreneurship: www.stlouisfed.org/education_resources/assets/lesson_plans/UncleJedsBarbershop.pdf.

Bite Size Economics

Imagine your school district does not have enough money in its budget to provide all the services necessary to run your local schools. Assuming the role of the president of the school board, brainstorm a list of all the benefits of a tax increase. Then consider the perspective of a taxpayer against the increase and make a list of the monetary costs. Use the lists for a classroom debate on the topic.

Bite Size Economics

What's your money personality? Are you a saver, avoider, spender, giver or worrier? Find out by taking the Money Make-up quiz at the end of the Kansas City Fed's Common Cents article "Watch and Learn". http://bit.ly/1923cSJ

Bite Size Economics

Create a trophy that could be awarded as a classroom incentive for the best singer, athlete or leader in the group.

Bite Size Economics

Use lesson 2, "W is for Wages, W4 and W2," from It's Your Paycheck personal finance curriculum to learn what deductions are taken from weekly/monthly income. Discuss why these deductions are necessary for the government and the individual. www.stlouisfed.org/education_resources/assets/lesson_plans/paycheck/IYP_lesson2.pdf

Bite Size Economics

Learn about online banking by becoming a quiz show participant in the Kansas City Fed's role play To Pay the Price. http://bit.ly/ZT730u

Bite Size Economics

In professional sports, a trade is a sports league transaction involving and exchange of players' contracts and/or draft picks. Have students research a sports trade in the NBA. Ask them to write a summary of the trade deal, including the advantages and disadvantages for the teams and/or players involved.

Bite Size Economics

Use the lesson plan and role play for "Payment Parliament" to teach students about the many ways we pay for goods and services: www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/education/teachingresources/Payment%20Parliament.pdf.

Bite Size Economics

Use the above activity to develop small group businesses with four to five students. Each group should decide on their product, follow the production steps and sell the products to classmates using fake money. Students may choose to incorporate marketing techniques to increase sales. Groups should give a final business report, noting profit/loss, to the class.

Bite Size Economics

Discuss this quote: "America's support for human rights and democracy is our noblest export to the world." - William Bennett

Bite Size Economics

Have students list all the extra-curricular activities they could participate in for the first semester, including sports, clubs and competitions. Discuss that scarcity of time forces them to choose between several activities they may be interested in.

Bite Size Economics

Discuss investing in a savings account to earn interest (payment made for the use of your money). Show how interest is compounded. For example: $100x5% annual interest = $105 in a year 1; $105x5% annual interest = $110.25 in year 2; $110.25x5% annual interest = $115.76 in year 3. Ask students to use calculators to figure the savings account totals in years 4 and 5. (Year 4 = $121.55; Year 5 = $127.63)

Bite Size Economics

Ask students to make a list of items that they would like to purchase in six months, including the estimated cost. Ask them to select on item and divide the cost by 6 for a monthly amount to save. Have them divide the monthly amount by 4 for a weekly savings amount. Ask if it would be a realistic weekly savings goal. If not, what would they do to make this a goal they could reach?

Bite Size Economics

Research the United States' top 15 trading partners by going to: www.census.gov/foreign-trade/statistics/highlights/topcurmon.html. Create a bar chart that shows three things: U.S. total trade with its top 15 trading partners, U.S. exports with its top 15 trading partners; and U.S. imports with its top 15 trading partners. Discuss the graph and what it shows about U.S. trade.

Bite Size Economics

Introduce the Federal Trade Commission's Bureau of Consumer Protection as our nation's consumer protection agency. Its job is to prevent fraud, deception and unfair business practices. Have students research the seven divisions of this agency by going to: www.ftc.gov/bcp/about.shtm. Discuss the importance of each division to consumers.

Bite Size Economics

Many students think about running their own business as adults. Ask students to brainstorm types of businesses that interest them. Invite a local business owner from an area of interest to speak to the class about his/her experiences. Prepare for the speaker by making a list of interview questions related to running a business.

Bite Size Economics

Research the household savings rates of several different countries. Make a chart comparing the rates. Which country's rate is the highest? What are some possible reasons for this?

Bite Size Economics

Create a PACED (Problem, Alternatives, Criteria, Evaluate, Decision) grid to determine the costs and benefits of a used car decision. Possible criteria include model; year; gas mileage; and insurance costs. Visit www.econedlink.org/lessons/docs_lessons/463_PACED1.pdf for a sample grid.

Bite Size Economics

Use the Recession Lesson "Navigating the Fear of the Unknown" (http://kansascityfed.org/publicat/education/teachingresources/RecessionLesson-EconomicUncertainty.pdf) to learn about the role that economic uncertainty played during the recent recession for businesses and consumers.

Bite Size Economics

Research the meaning of marginal cost and marginal benefit. Businesses think on the margin, deciding whether the benefit of producing one more unit would be greater than or less than the cost. Share an example of this marginal cost/benefit situation from your research.

Bite Size Economics

Debate the pros and cons of using money as an incentive for getting higher grades. Is this a good practice? Will this encourage students to work harder for grades?

Bite Size Economics

Introduce the concepts of producers and consumers. Brainstorm a list of producers, such as artists, bakers, farmers and manufacturers of different products. Ask students to role-play various producers as they create their products. Have classmates guess what good or service each producer provides for consumers.

Bite Size Economics

Introduce certificates of deposit and savings bonds as two ways to invest money. Look at the financial website: http://financialplan.about.com/od/savingmoney/a/wheretokeepsave.htm. Compare and contrast these two methods of saving to look at the advantages and disadvantages of each.

Bite Size Economics

Discuss Halloween and the practice of "trick-or-treating." Would this holiday be as much fun if the incentive of candy wasn't given out to trick or treaters? Would you still want to "trick-or-treat?" The "treat" can influence the behavior of kids. Take a survey to decide which type of treat is the best incentive: chocolate bars, fruit-flavored candy, gum and other choices.

Bite Size Economics

Use the limerick below to introduce surpluses and shortages. Ask students to make up their own poem about surpluses and shortages to share. There once was a price just too high,So that no one would bother to buy.On the shelf the stuff sat,Gathered dust like a floor mat.A surplus needs a lower price-that's why! And then there was a price oh so low,That folks stood in a long line, oh no!But the shelves were soon bare,Those still waiting sure cared.A higher price would have solvedtheir shortage woes.

Bite Size Economics

Interview family members or neighbors about the recent recession and any changes or effects it had on their lifestyles. Report your findings to the class.

Bite Size Economics

Brainstorm a class list of typical weekly expenses and add the estimated costs. Find ways to cut expenses and add the new estimated costs. Subtract the new total from the original one to discover how much money can now be saved.

Bite Size Economics

If a company produced 10 items at $7 per item and sold all 10 at $8.50 each, what is the profit for the producer? (10 x $1.50 = $15)

Bite Size Economics

Read Scraps of Time 1960s: Abby Takes a Stand by Patricia C. McKissak. Use the children's literature lesson to learn about how taxes fund transfer programs such as Head Start and Medicaid: www.stlouisfed.org/education_resources/assets/lesson_plans/Scraps_of_time.pdf

Bite Size Economics

Currency is produced by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing, located in Washington, D.C. and Fort Worth, Texas. Look at the new $100 bill at www.newmoney.gov/currency/default.htm. Examine the interactive $100 note and take the quiz on its features.

Bite Size Economics

Discuss the meaning of this quote: "A wise man should have money in his head, but not in his heart." - Jonathan Swift

Bite Size Economics

Write and perform a skit showing the impact of incentives on changing poor cafeteria behavior.

Bite Size Economics

Read Earth Day-Hooray! by Stuart Murphy. Use the children's literature lesson to discuss the topic of incentives in the story: www.stlouisfed.org/education_resources/assets/lesson_plans/EarthDayHooray.pdf

Bite Size Economics

The start-up costs for your lemonade business includes $1.99 for the mix and $2.50 for the cups. If you sell each cup for $.60, how many cups do you need to sell to make a profit? (At least 8 cups.)

Bite Size Economics

Take turns pantomiming workers performing service type jobs, such as bus driver, construction worker, chef, etc. Have the class try to guess which services are being acted out.

Bite Size Economics

Trivia: The Federal Reserve Act was signed by President Woodrow Wilson in 1913. The average annual income that year was $800.

Bite Size Economics

Draw a cartoon about a time when you experienced either a buyer's high or buyer's remorse after a purchase. In the panels, show the purchase, how the purchase made you feel and what you might do differently in the future.

Bite Size Economics

Become better informed about payment cards from the Philadelphia Fed's resource What You Need to Know about Payment Cards. Design a poster showing the advantages and disadvantages of the three main types of payment cards. http://bit.ly/18D0HGm

Bite Size Economics

Read Saving Strawberry Farm by Deborah Hopkinson. Use the children's literature lesson to discuss the role banks played during the Great Depression: www.stlouisfed.org/education_resources/assets/lesson_plans/StrawberryFarm.pdf.

Bite Size Economics

Change the lyrics of a popular song so that they now convince someone to keep their liabilities low for better financial health.

Bite Size Economics

Develop a role play about an entrepreneur whose ideas for a new product or business are not well accepted and how he/she meets these challenges and eventually becomes successful. Perform the role play for your class.

Bite Size Economics

Create a song or rap that promotes interdependence (when people or nations depend on one another for the goods and services they want) as a way of increasing imports and exports.

Bite Size Economics

Play 20 Econ Questions or Econ Word Wiz (www.federalreserveeducation.org/resources/fiftynifty) using "producer" as one of the words.

Bite Size Economics

Ask students to work with a partner on the following income/expenses problem: You want to convince your family to buy a new computer to replace the outdated one at home. Create a visual that gives family members ideas on how to cut monthly expenses (such as food, clothing and entertainment) in order to save income for the purchase.

Bite Size Economics

Introduce the stock market as a market in which the public buys and sells stock, or shares of ownership in companies. Brainstorm companies that students are familiar with (such as McDonalds, Nike, Toys R Us, etc.) and ask students to nominate the five best choices for stock purchases. Discuss the reasons for their picks.

Bite Size Economics

Discuss what everyday life would be like if there was no money in circulation and we had to barter to get what we needed and wanted. Write a creative story with the title "Moneyless" to show the problems that might result.

Bite Size Economics

Discuss counterfeit currency and how it has become more prevalent in the U.S. over the years due to technological advancements. Explain how security measures have been added to U.S. bills to thwart counterfeiters, and look at some of these features at: www.newmoney.gov/currency/default.htm. Ask a speaker from a bank to speak to the class on detecting counterfeit currency.

Bite Size Economics

Gas prices are $3.29 a gallon and then increase to $3.69 a gallon due to a shortage. How much would 18 gallons of gas cost at each price? ($59.22; $66.42) How much would you save if you purchased gas at the lower price? ($7.20)

Bite Size Economics

Discuss the costs and benefits, both monetary and nonmonetary, of having a public school system. Research what it costs taxpayers per year for a student to attend public school, using your state department of education website. What are the benefits of public education? Arethere any costs? What are the benefits to taxpayers that make themwilling to share the costs? Write a brief essay explaining your ideas.

Bite Size Economics

Develop a chart listing 10 tips that will help the environment through protecting natural resources. (Example: Pick up litter along trails and waterways.)

Bite Size Economics

Read My Side of the Mountain by Jean Craighead George. Use the children's literature lesson to discuss investing in human capital through acquiring skills and knowledge: www.stlouisfed.org/education_resources/assets/lesson_plans/MySideMountain.pdf

Bite Size Economics

Discuss the correlation between a country's resources and what goods they export and import. Have students choose countries, research their major resources, exports and imports, and share their findings. Discuss which countries might make good trading partners.

Bite Size Economics

Use the Fifty Nifty Card Teacher Resource Guide's "Word of the Week" activity to integrate the concept of scarcity into reading, language and art: www.federalreserveeducation.org/resources/fiftynifty

Bite Size Economics

Before buying clothes or shoes, consumers should consider several features, such as price, quality, fit, style and comfort. Discuss and rank these features with students to see which ones are most important to them in making a purchasing decision.

Bite Size Economics

Visit the National Archives website to learn about the Homestead Act of 1862, which offered free land in the west to anyone over 21 if they agreed to farm it. Create a skit about the act and its effects on economic growth during that time. http://1.usa.gov/13v9G5v

Bite Size Economics

Watch the Economic Lowdown video on demand at: www.stlouisfed.org/education_resources/podcasts/economic_lowdown_video_2.cfm. Take notes on the six ways demand can change, giving an example for each. Create and present a skit showing the effects of supply and demand on the purchase of the newest cell phone, tablet or electronic device.

Bite Size Economics

Introduce the first two principles: People choose and people's choices involve costs. Explain that opportunity cost is a person's second-best choice that is given up when the first choice is made. Ask students to give examples of choices they make during a school day, such as lunch and recess options, and name the cost and benefits of each choice.

Bite Size Economics

Many supermarkets have non-food services such as floral departments, pharmacies, banks, dry cleaning and DVD rentals. Why do you think supermarkets offer these additional services?

Bite Size Economics

Draw a picture that shows farmers trading equipment, crops or labor with each other. Explain how this trade situation helps farmers and their families.

Bite Size Economics

Introduce the definitions for save and spend. Describe short-term savings goals as items students want that will require saving for several months. Ask students to choose an item as a savings goal, estimate the cost of the item and figure the amount they would have to save weekly to reach their goal. Have students share their goals and savings plans with the class.

Bite Size Economics

Which is the better milk buy? one gallon for $2.49; 1/2 gallon for $1.29; or one quart for $.69? (One gallon at $2.49)

Bite Size Economics

Discuss this quote: "The only thing we have to fear is fear itself". - Franklin D. Roosevelt. How could these words relate to bank panics?

Bite Size Economics

Tell students to imagine they’ve just purchased their first used car. Have them name services their car will need to run efficiently, and goods they could buy to fix up their vehicle. Ask them to go online to find auto stores that provide these goods and services with item costs.

Bite Size Economics

Introduce banking by asking which students have bank accounts and where they bank. Discuss how a bank operates as a business by asking the following questions: Do banks hold all money deposited in their vaults? (No) What do banks do with the deposited dollars? (They keep the required reserve amount on hand, and lend out most of the remaining dollars.) What would happen if banks kept all the deposited money? (Customers would not get loans, and the bank would not receive interest from the loans.)

Bite Size Economics

Read the book Alexander Who Used to be Rich Last Saturday to introduce saving money. Start with Alexander's dollar on the board and subtract the amount of his purchases throughout the story. Discuss Alexander's spending decisions.

Bite Size Economics

Research President Obama's 2009 total income by going to: www.whitehouse.gov. ($5,505,409) What is his yearly presidential salary? ($400,000) From what sources did he earn most of his additional income? (sales of his books and winning the Nobel Peace Prize.)

Bite Size Economics

Cut magazine or catalog pictures of natural, human and capital resources and place them randomly into paper bags. Divide students into groups and give each group a resource bag. Ask them to create a new business using their resources and share how each resource is used within their business to produce a product.

Bite Size Economics

Some areas routinely experience water shortages. List the ways you use water every day. How could you cut down your usage or recycle water to help reduce water shortages? Create a public service announcement featuring your water saving ideas.

Bite Size Economics

Consumer trivia: What is phishing? (a scam where internet fraudsters send spam or pop-up messages to lure personal information from unsuspecting victims.) Why should consumers be aware of this scam?

Bite Size Economics

Brainstorm ways students can earn income and make a chart of ideas. (Examples: allowance, chores, birthday/holiday gifts, garage sales, etc.) Ask students to set future savings goals (for things they will spend their income on) and share with the class.

Bite Size Economics

Share pictures of different careers, and challenge students to analyze the costs and benefits of working in each career. Have them research information on salaries, education levels, work environment and job outlook by going to: www.bls.gov/oco/ooh_index.htm. Ask them to make a table listing this information for five careers, and then decide which career provides the most benefits and the least costs.

Bite Size Economics

How do the Federal Reserve and the European Central Bank compare? Read A Look Inside Two Central Banks: The European Central Bank and the Federal Reserve from the St. Louis Fedand create a Venn diagram showing three similarities and three differences between the organizations. http://bit.ly/15JSIQF

Bite Size Economics

Introduce the following formula: Assets-Liabilities = Net Worth, or your economic wealth. Use Money Circle Theme 3, Lesson 1 found at: www.federalreserveeducation.org/resources/MoneyCircle. Discuss the assets, liabilities and net worth of the student in the Activity 1 story. Ask students to write a similar story about themselves, listing current assets, liabilities and assessing their net worth.

Bite Size Economics

Create a collage using magazine pictures of items you'd like to purchase in the future. Narrow your choices to two favorites. What would your final choice/opportunity cost be?

Bite Size Economics

Introduce the concepts of asset and liability. Brainstorm a list of students' current assets and discuss items that they would like to own as future assets. Ask students to design a tri-fold showing their assets now, possible future assets and their savings plan to get these assets.

Bite Size Economics

Review your monthly family budget to determine how much your family spends on wants vs. needs. Discuss how your family might reduce the dollar amount of wants over the next few months. Report your budget-saving measures to the class.

Bite Size Economics

Work in pairs to design a new and improved ATM for 2020. Make posters to highlight services and features that might be available in the future. As a class, vote on the best future design.

Bite Size Economics

Economic growth occurs with an increase in productivity, which is the amount of outputs (goods and services) produced per unit of input (resources). Form an assembly line production of bookmarks in class, and then try to increase productivity with more efficient assembly techniques.

Bite Size Economics

Nominate a president or famous person in U.S. history (no longer living) for a new $500 bill. Write an essay describing how your nominee contributed to American history and why he/she would be a worthy candidate.

Bite Size Economics

Create a skit in small groups about possible financial situations at age 65 (i.e., no savings vs. wealthy investor). Discuss possible actions that can lead to financial security in retirement.

Bite Size Economics

Read Supermarket by Kathleen Krull. Use the children's literature lesson to discuss how technology has changed markets: www.stlouisfed.org/education_resources/assets/lesson_plans/supermarket.pdf

Bite Size Economics

Why is a bank holiday not something to celebrate, and why did President Franklin D. Roosevelt establish a national one in 1933? Find out in the Boston Fed's Closed for the Holiday: The Bank Holiday of 1933. http://bit.ly/11I1W4r

Bite Size Economics

Think of people at school who are producers. One example might be cafeteria workers who produce breakfast and lunch for students. Others could be a custodian, principal, administrative assistant or any teacher. Make a list of these producers and the goods or services they offer. Ask each student to write a thank-you note to one of these producers.

Bite Size Economics

Discuss this proverb: "It is a wise man who lives with money in the bank, it is a fool who dies that way."

Bite Size Economics

Track expenses for a week and then create a spending plan to make sure your expenses don't exceed your income.

Bite Size Economics

You have saved enough money to buy your first computer! Which is the better buy: a laptop for $599, a case for $29, and a mouse for $19; or a desktop monitor for $149, a computer tower for $469, and a keyboard with mouse for $39? (laptop package=$647; desktop package=$657)

Bite Size Economics

Introduce wants and needs and give examples of each concept. Tell the students that they will be planning a picnic lunch and will make a chart of wants and needs for the picnic. Draw a T-chart on the board, labeling one side "Needs" and the other "Wants." Ask students for ideas to complete the chart, telling whether each idea is a need or a want.

Bite Size Economics

How does a recession affect the circular flow of income within the economy?

Bite Size Economics

Read Saturday Sancocho by Leyla Torres. Use the related children's literature lesson from the St. Louis Fed to learn about the advantages of paying money over bartering for goods.http://bit.ly/18D0u5U

Bite Size Economics

Give students a sample budget of expenses for a family. Have them identify the fixed expenses (the same amount monthly) and the variable expenses (a changing amount monthly). Ask students to draw sentences out of a hat representing events that might change a monthly budget, such as buying holiday gifts or fixing a flat tire. Have the students identify whether the expense is fixed or variable and then modify the budget to incorporate the added expense.

Bite Size Economics

Visit the Federal Reserve Board of Governor's website to find tips for improving your credit score. Make a poster to share this information with your classmates. http://1.usa.gov/140Qjnb

Bite Size Economics

Imagine two people: one who has access to credit, and one who does not. Discuss the advantages of having access to credit and the barriers of non-access to credit and how it might shape each individual's future as his or her life unfolds.

Bite Size Economics

Research the characteristics of a savings account, certificate ofdeposit, money market account and savings bond. Using the scenarioof a short-term savings goal, decide which one would be the bestplace for your money and explain your reasoning.

Bite Size Economics

Look at a dime and identify the portrait. Use the lesson plan, "Why is Roosevelt on the Dime" available at: http://www.usmint.gov/kids/teachers/lessonplans/viewLP.cfm?id=29 to learn more about Franklin Roosevelt and why he was chosen for the dime.

Bite Size Economics

Write about the problem that occurs when people do not recycle resources and the resulting opportunity cost on the environment.

Bite Size Economics

Use actual coins to show that quarters are 1/4 of a dollar, dimes are 1/10 of a dollar, nickels are 1/20, and pennies are 1/100. Use coins to add fractions to see if you have enough money to pay for sample small items.

Bite Size Economics

Introduce the first two principles and the concept of opportunity cost (see above). Ask students to imagine they are trying to decide if they want to try out for a sports team. Have them list the costs and benefits of playing on a team. After comparing the costs with the benefits, have each student make a final choice and explain their decision.

Bite Size Economics

Discuss with students how they make daily decisions, selecting one choice and giving up a second as an opportunity cost. Have them draw two locations for their next birthday party, make a final decision, and label one "my choice" and the other "my opportunity cost."

Bite Size Economics

Watch the Economic Lowdown video on equilibrium at: http://www.stlouisfed.org/education_resources/podcasts/economic_lowdown_video_3.cfm. How do the concepts of surplus and shortage relate to market equilibrium?

Bite Size Economics

Introduce budgeting as a plan for spending, saving and sharing money by balancing income with expenses. Ask students to divide drawing paper into three sections and draw examples of these three ways to use money. Ask them to explain which of these examples is easiest for them to do and to give reasons why.

Bite Size Economics

Read Meet Kit: An American Girl by Valerie Tripp. Use the children's literature lesson from the St. Louis Fed to role play the effect that unemployment and reduced spending can have onpeople's lives during a recession. http://bit.ly/12Bxppn

Bite Size Economics

"You Can't Always Get What You Want" by the Rolling Stones is a classic rock song that refers to wants and needs. Brainstorm a class list of other songs on the topic of wants and needs.

Bite Size Economics

Discuss the topic of behavioral incentives and teens. Ask students which types of incentives work best to keep teens in line: extending curfew; car privileges; more computer/video game time; increasing allowance/funds. Tell students to give reasons for their choices.

Bite Size Economics

Compose a song or a rap about being a "savvy shopper." Include verses about comparison shopping, purchasing quality vs. quantity, and avoiding buyer's remorse.

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Add together all the bill denominations currently in circulation. What is your dollar total? ($1+$2+$5+$10+$20+$50+$100=$188)

Bite Size Economics

Calculate the monetary costs and benefits of running a lemonade stand using the following assumptions: mix that makes 32-oz. of lemonade costs $3 per container and a package of 50 8-oz. cups is $5. You sell 48 8-oz. cups for $2 each. (costs=$44, benefits=$96)

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As entrepreneurs invent new products, they often make former products obsolete, or out of date and no longer used. An example of this would be the typewriter, which is now rare because of computer word processing. This concept is called "creative destruction." Ask students to brainstorm and discuss other examples of creative destruction due to new inventions.

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The Bureau of Engraving and Printing produces currency daily to avoid a scarcity of money. How many bills are produced in a day? A) 3,500 B) 350,000 C) 3.5 million D) 35 million Answer: (D)

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If U.S. exports to China are worth $8 billion, and U.S. imports from China are worth $34 billion, what is the total trade amount? ($42 billion) What is the trade deficit? ($26 billion)

Bite Size Economics

Write an essay on the topic of rebates as incentives for consumers when they purchase goods and services, such as electronics, cars, etc. Do you think rebates motivate people to spend more? Why or why not?

Bite Size Economics

Assume the identity of a superhero or a credit villain in the Kansas City Fed's role play Professor Finance and Fed Boy Meet the Catastrophe Clan to learn about the use and misuse of credit and how the CARD Act protects consumers. http://bit.ly/13jzWzX

Bite Size Economics

If U.S. exports to China are worth $8 billion, and U.S. imports from China are worth $34 billion, what is the total trade amount? ($42 billion) What is the trade deficit? ($26 billion)

Bite Size Economics

Research the purposes of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Hold a mock debate where two countries use the WTO as a forum to discuss their disagreements concerning a trade policy.

Bite Size Economics

Read Monster Musical Chairs by Stuart Murphy. Use the children's literature lesson to discuss the topic of scarcity in the story: www.stlouisfed.org/education_resources/assets/lesson_plans/MonsterMusicalChairs.pdf

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Discuss this quote: "Expenditures rise to meet income." - C. Northcote Parkinson

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Learn what happens when the price of an asset becomes artificially high in Recession Lesson: Asset Bubbles, available at: www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/education/teachingresources/RecessionLesson-AssetBubbles.pdf.

Bite Size Economics

You have two possible babysitting jobs for Saturday - one watching 6-year-old twins for four hours at $3 an hour, and one with two kids, ages 1 and 3, for four hours at $4 an hour. How much would you earn from each job? What would your choice/opportunity cost be?

Bite Size Economics

Use the lesson "M&M Interesting," found at http://ecedweb.unomaha.edu/lessons/M&M6-8.pdf# to learn about the advantages of compound interest. Discuss why it is important to start a savings account while you are young.

Bite Size Economics

Use the school cafeteria as an example of a business that provides goods and services. Tell students that goods are things that satisfy wants, such as food and utensils. Services are activities that satisfy wants, such as cooking the food and cleaning the cafeteria. Ask students to draw cafeteria foods or other goods on one side of art paper and activities or services on the other side.

Bite Size Economics

Read Free Enterprise: The Economics of Cooperation, available at www.dallasfed.org/educate/classroom.cfm, to learn about the role of businesses in a free-enterprise system.

Bite Size Economics

Hand out various grocery receipts to students with the sales tax blacked out. Discuss that some states tax only non-food items, while others tax both food and non-food. Have students calculate the sales tax for both situations.

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The following statements are common descriptions of credit. Discuss each example and use one as a topic for a creative story.Credit is your reputation for financial responsibility.Credit is the time allowed for payment for something sold on trust.Credit is a source of revenue for financial institutions.Credit is NOT more money; it is "tomorrow's" money.

Bite Size Economics

Solve this income problem: Jay shoveled snow for five neighbors on his block. He earned $10 from two of them, $12 from the third, and $15 from the fourth and fifth. What was his income total? What was his average income from each shoveling job? (Total income: $62.00. Average income per job $12.40)

Bite Size Economics

Introduce the concepts of shortage and surplus. Give the example of a popular new toy on sale before the holidays as a possible shortage situation and a less popular toy as a possible surplus. After brainstorming other shortage/surplus situations, have students write a short story titled "Standing in line to buy..."

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Compare the unit price, or cost per item, of products. To find unit price, divide the price by the number of pieces, ounces or pounds. What would be the unit price for a 20 pound bag of dog food priced at $15? ($.75 per pound)

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How can pocket money make someone a millionaire? Use anonline compound interest calculator to see how a small monthlyinvestment can grow over time by compounding. Write a plan toreach a financial goal using compound interest.

Bite Size Economics

Use the lesson plan and role play "Professor Finance and Fed Boy Meet the Catastrophe Clan" to discuss the uses and misuses of credit: http://kansascityfed.org/publicat/education/teachingresources/fed_boy_lesson_plan.pdf

Bite Size Economics

Justin's assets are a $250 bike, a $1299 computer, and $582 in savings. His liabilities are $475 owed on a loan for the computer and $138 owed to his mom. Add Justin's assets and subtract his liabilities from the total. What is Justin's net worth? ($2131 - $613 = $1518)

Bite Size Economics

Create a consumer profile, such as a 20-year-old college athlete, and make a collage of products or services using newspaper, magazine ads and/or computer-generated images that would appeal to that type of consumer.

Bite Size Economics

Use the Kansas City Fed's Teaching Tips: Is Your Bank Account Safe? to learn what happens when a bank fails and how the FDIC steps in following a bank's closing. Make a brochure that explains why money is well-protected in U.S. banks. http://kansascityfed.org/education/foreducators/high-school/teaching-tips/is-your-bank-safe.cfm

Bite Size Economics

Display items manufactured by different countries, such as electronics, food products and clothing. Ask students to list the manufacturing country of each good. Have them locate these countries on a large blank world map, using one dot per manufactured good. Discuss reasons why some countries may have more dots than others.

Bite Size Economics

Download the St. Louis Fed's Econ Ed Mobile App to explore the cost of using credit. Learn how interest is calculated, and then use the Credit Cost Calculator to see how interest ratesaffect monthly payments and the total cost of a purchase. http://bit.ly/11zNwSM

Bite Size Economics

Read The Goat in the Rug by Charles Blook and Martin Link. Use the children's literature lesson to discuss the topic of resources in the story: www.stlouisfed.org/education_resources/assets/lesson_plans/GoatintheRug.pdf

Bite Size Economics

Choose a publicly-traded company, such as Amazon (AMZN), and follow the price of that company's stock each week for a month. Report whether the price has increased or decreased during that time, and provide a recommendation on buying the stock.

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Create an invention or innovation that would make life easier. Name and describe your invention. What price would you sell it for? What would your income be if you sold 100? 250? 500?

Bite Size Economics

Use the FDIC's EDIE the Estimator tool to explore how FDIC insurance protects depositors. Try the simulator using varying deposit balances to determine the FDIC coverage limit for a single account. Check your answer by reviewing the page's Deposit Insurance FAQs. http://1.usa.gov/YVeeTe

Bite Size Economics

Explore myths and realities about the Fed using primary source materials in the Atlanta Fed's lesson Myths, Tall Tales, and Urban Legends: A Lesson on the Facts Behind the Fed. http://bit.ly/YeYn1k

Bite Size Economics

Read Little House in the Big Woods by Laura Ingalls Wilder to learn about factors of production, which can lead to economic growth. Draw a flow chart that shows the inputs (productive resources) necessary to create chocolate chip cookies (outputs). http://bit.ly/120lmuN

Bite Size Economics

Uncover how and why the Federal Reserve expanded its balance sheet during the recent recession and financial crisis in the Philadelphia Fed's resource It's Not Your Mother and Father's Monetary Policy Anymore: The Federal Reserve and FinancialCrisis Relief. http://bit.ly/19gvxBB

Bite Size Economics

Read The Panic of 1907 by the Boston Fed. Write a skit titled "We Survived the Bank Panic," describing the thoughts and emotions that people may feel as they wait in line to withdraw money before their bank closes for business. http://bit.ly/1840vMy

Bite Size Economics

Create a map of the Federal Reserve System following the directions from the St. Louis Fed's 25 Cents Worth of History. Locate your state and outline it in your favorite color. Which Federal Reserve Bank is closest to where you live? http:/bit.ly/103kPqV

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View the American Currency Exhibit on the San Francisco Fed's website to explore currency from throughout our nation's history. Choose two bills from different eras and create a Venn diagram to compare and contrast bill symbols and features. http://bit.ly/1922F3l

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You are a producer of a new and unique athletic shoe. Develop a poster or commercial to advertise your amazing shoe.

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Discuss the meaning of this quote: "Let me remind you that credit is the lifeblood of business, the lifeblood of prices and jobs." - Herbert Hoover

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Would you accept a cow as payment? Learn about the four characteristics of money and evaluate various forms of money, including cows, that were used as currency in earlier times by reviewing Kansas City Fed's lesson Early Forms of Money. http://bit.ly/1a8sTip

Bite Size Economics

Research the new Credit Card Accountability, Responsibility and Disclosure Act (CARD