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Factory Activity Pace of Growth Slowed Further

Growth in Tenth District manufacturing activity slowed further but remained positive. Expectations for future activity also moderated slightly but were still at solid levels overall (Chart 1, Tables 1 & 2). Raw materials price indexes eased slightly from last month and compared with last year. Finished goods price indexes increased slightly from a month ago but eased slightly compared with year ago levels. Expectations for future prices remained high, but slightly below previous levels.

The month-over-month composite index was 12 in June, down from 23 in May and 25 in April (Tables 1 & 2). The composite index is an average of the production, new orders, employment, supplier delivery time, and raw materials inventory indexes. The slower pace of factory growth was driven by decreased activity at durable goods plants in June, especially electrical equipment, transportation equipment, and furniture related product manufacturing. Month-over-month indexes eased in June, with some indexes moving into negative territory. Indexes for production, shipments, new orders, and order backlog declined, while inventory indexes increased slightly. Year-over-year factory indexes decreased modestly, with a composite index of 35. The supplier delivery time index eased compared to a year ago, along with the materials inventory and employment indexes. The future composite index was 10 in June, down from 31 in May. Indexes for future production, shipments, new orders, and capital spending continued to moderate but remained positive.

Manufacturing Composite Indexes

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The month-over-month composite index was 12 in June, down from 23 in May and 25 in April. Year-over-year factory indexes decreased modestly, with a composite index of 35.
Date Vs. a Month Ago Vs. a Year Ago
21-Jun 28 43
21-Jul 28 50
21-Aug 25 50
21-Sep 21 48
21-Oct 28 50
21-Nov 22 50
21-Dec 22 50
22-Jan 24 50
22-Feb 29 50
22-Mar 37 57
22-Apr 25 54
22-May 23 54
22-Jun 12 35

Special Questions

This month contacts were asked special questions on supply chain disruptions/shortages, the ability to pass through costs, and future expectations. In June, firms reported the top three supply chain disruptions affecting their business were delays in shipping, lack of availability, and warehousing and storage. About 60% of firms expected supply chain disruptions and shortages to remain unchanged or worsen in the next 6 months (Chart 2). Over 55% of firms reported their ability to pass through costs has increased slightly or significantly since the beginning of the year (Chart 3). However, 33% of firms expected no change in the next 6 months and 43% expected a slight or significant increase in pass through ability.

Selected Manufacturing Comments

“Expecting a big decrease in sales the last half of the year. Appears our customers over ordered and have excess supply in the near term.”

“Part shortages continue to reduce our production output. Input inventory is at an all-time high - we've got a lot invested in inventory, but all it takes is one missing part to stop vehicle production.”

“Lack of availability and shipping problems is most evident currently in manufacturing supplies and equipment replacement parts. Energy costs are increasing significantly, as is the cost of labor and benefits.”

“Interested to see the impact 75 basis point increase has on things. Energy/fuel issue has to be addressed. Very concerned about where we are going to be in six months across a number of fronts - hot summer, drought, potentially bad crops, electric grid, food shortages in parts of the world - all kinds of bad stuff potentially adding up.”

“Inflation may be 8-10% but manufacturing costs for material have jumped significantly more than this the past year.”

“Lots of pressure to maintain reasonable margins due to increased material costs and wage increases. Sales is passing on price increases to our customers to recoup those increased costs.”

Survey Data

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About Manufacturing Survey


Chad Wilkerson

Senior Vice President and Oklahoma City Branch Executive

Chad Wilkerson serves as Oklahoma City Branch Executive and Senior Vice President of Community Development for the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City. Wilkerson has been with th…