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Research & Data
Our research staff conducts innovative research on monetary policy, the payments system, and regional and community issues. Our work is shared with policymakers, other researchers and the public.
Research By Focus
Browse more of our research articles, periodicals, proceedings, working papers and books.
Agriculture & Rural Economies
Insights on agricultural and rural economies regionally and nationally.
Banking & Financial Markets
Issues affecting the banking industry, including supervisory and regulatory concerns, fair lending issues and potential risks to financial institutions.
Economic issues affecting low- and moderate- income communities, including fair and impartial access to credit.
Monetary Policy & Macroeconomics
Issues of importance to the Federal Reserve, including financial markets, banking, monetary policy and more.
Payments System Research
Domestic and international payments system developments.
The Tenth Federal Reserve District's economic geography and developments for national monetary policy deliberations.
U.S. Exports and Foreign Economic Growth: Which Regions Matter Most?
By Jun Nie and Lisa Taylor
U.S. export growth tends to vary with changes in different foreign regions' economic growth rates. This article estimates how much change in U.S. export growth may be associated with a rise or fall in a given region's GDP growth.
The Impact of Debit Card Regulation on Checking Account Fees
By Richard J. Sullivan
Some predicted a cap on debit card interchange fees might lead banks to charge more for checking accounts. In fact, some large banks are charging more, but many smaller banks are charging less. On net, access to free checking has risen.
The Impact of an Aging U.S. Population on State Tax Revenues
By Alison Felix and Kate Watkins
People tend to earn less and spend less when they retire. As the baby boom generation retires, the aging of the U.S. population will likely reduce state governments’ revenue per capita from income taxes and sales taxes significantly.
Has Durable Goods Spending Become Less Sensitive to Interest Rates?
By Willem Van Zandweghe and John Carter Braxton
Despite record-low interest rates, the pace of the current economic recovery has been only moderate. One reason is that the positive impact of lowered interest rates on consumer purchases of durable goods has diminished.
Has The Effect of Monetary Policy Announcements On Asset Prices Changed?
By Taeyoung Doh and Michael Connolly
The Federal Reserve has increased communication about the future path of the federal funds target rate over time. The use of forward guidance as a policy tool has raised questions about changes in how it influences the economy.
The Shadow Labor Supply and Its Implications for the Unemployment Rate
By Troy Davig and José Mustre-del-Río
The number of people wanting work, but not looking for a job, has swelled in recent years. However, their flow rate back into unemployment has been declining, so they will likely only have a modest impact on the unemployment rate.
Research Working Papers
Kinked Demand Curves, the Natural Rate Hypothesis, and Macroeconomic Stability
By Takushi Kurozumi and Willem Van Zandweghe
Does high trend inflation render monetary policy less effective?
Rural Wealth Creation and Emerging Energy Industries: Lease and Royalty Payments to Farm...
By Jeremy G. Weber, Jason P. Brown, and John Pender
In 2011 approximately $2.3 billion of lease and royalty payments were paid to U.S. farmers by energy companies, providing a sizable source of wealth and consumption for some rural residents.
Creditor Recovery: The Macroeconomic Dependence of Industry Equilibrium
By Nada Mora
An examination of 40 years of defaulted debt instruments reveals that the state of the business cycle influences creditor recoveries through an industry channel, so that industry fire-sales can be triggered by a weak economy.
Jackson Hole Economic Policy Symposium
The Kansas City Fed's annual symposium drew central bankers, policymakers, academics and economists from around the world. The proceedings include papers, commentaries and discussions.
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