Similar to other segments of the economy, the agricultural sector is increasingly global. In some regions, the production of food and agricultural products has advanced well beyond what is required for consumption within that region. In other areas, agricultural production is more limited. The persistent gap between regions of excess and regions of scarcity has led to an increasing reliance on agricultural trade as global populations and incomes rise, but recent months have also pointed to increased uncertainty about the future of trade and implications for agriculture. Similarly, the movement of labor and capital across borders has become a pivotal component to the nature of food and agricultural production, but the future for international labor and capital flows is also uncertain.
The 2018 Agricultural Symposium, “Agriculture in a Global Economy” explored the ways in which agriculture is positioned as a global industry and the implications of this global connectedness in the years ahead.
Welcome and Introduction
Nathan Kauffman, Vice President and Omaha Branch Executive, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City
Session 1: Economic Significance of Agricultural Trade
This session explored the significance of agricultural trade and market access on general economic conditions.
Joe Glauber, Senior Research Fellow, International Food Policy Research Institute
Session 2: Business Merits of Agricultural Trade
This session discussed the ways in which producers, agribusinesses, and lenders perceive the advantages, disadvantages, and risks of agricultural trade and implications for long-term business strategies.
Hector Fernandez, Vice President, Corporate Financial Planning & Analysis, Cargill
Esther George, President and Chief Executive Officer, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City
Session 3: Agriculture’s International Labor Flows
This session examined how cross-border labor flows affect businesses in the food and agricultural sector and the local economies where those businesses reside.
Pia Orrenius, Vice President and Senior Economist, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas
Session 4: Agriculture’s International Capital Flows
This session explored how cross-border capital flows and foreign investment affect the outlook for businesses connected to agriculture.
J.P. Gervais, Vice President and Chief Agricultural Economist, Farm Credit Canada
Regina Gill, Senior Vice President, Investor Relations, Federal Farm Credit Banks Funding Corp.
Ann Duignan, Managing Director, J.P. Morgan
Alan Blinder, Gordon S. Rentschler Memorial Professor of Economics and Public Affairs, Princeton University