Recent Research

Survey Results for Fourth Quarter of 2019 Show Outstanding Small Business Commercial & Industrial Loan Balances Increase Year-Over-Year

By Christi May-Oder, Assistant Vice President and Dan Harbour, Statistics Manager*
March 26, 2020 | Small Business Lending Survey
Data collected in the fourth quarter of 2019, prior to the onset of the coronavirus pandemic, indicated that small business commercial and industrial (C&I) loan balances increased year-over-year for the second consecutive quarter, but lagged the growth of total loans and C&I loans for the same period.

Inflation Expectations Limit the Power of Negative Interest Rates

By Andrew Glover and Emily Pollard
March 25, 2020 | Economic Bulletin
The effects of negative interest rates depend in part on inflation expectations.

In February, before the coronavirus pandemic widened, the KC Fed LMCI suggested the level of activity had declined modestly and momentum had accelerated moderately.

March 18, 2020 | Labor Market Conditions Indicators
In February, before the coronavirus pandemic widened, the KC Fed LMCI suggested the level of activity had declined modestly and momentum had accelerated moderately.

The KC Fed LMCI suggest the level of activity increased modestly and momentum accelerated in January

February 12, 2020 | Labor Market Conditions Indicators
Activity increased modestly and momentum accelerated in January.

The KC Fed LMCI suggest the level of activity was little changed and momentum decelerated moderately in December.

January 21, 2020 | Labor Market Conditions Indicators
Activity was little changed and momentum decelerated moderately in December.

Economic Review

Population Turnover and the Growth of Urban Areas

By Jason P. Brown and Colton Tousey
March 26, 2020 | Economic Review
More people are moving to and from large urban areas, leading to faster population growth over time.

Corporate Leverage and Investment

By W. Blake Marsh, David Rodziewicz and Karna Chelluri
February 27, 2020 | Economic Review
Firms with more debt invest less in the future.

Spending Patterns and Cost of Living for Younger versus Older Households

By Jun Nie and Akshat S. Gautam
January 16, 2020 | Economic Review
Older households have faced slightly higher inflation rates than younger households over the past 40 years, though this gap is narrowing.

Why Aren’t More People Working in Low- and Moderate-Income Areas?

By Kelly D. Edmiston
January 02, 2020 | Economic Review
Fewer residents in low- and moderate-income communities are working compared with higher-income areas, due in large part to employment barriers.

Payment Card Fraud Rates in the United States Relative to Other Countries since Migrating to Chip Cards

By Fumiko Hayashi
November 27, 2019 | Economic Review
Even after migrating to chip card technology, the United States has a significantly higher in-person fraud rate than other countries.
Read more Economic Review articles

Main Street Views

View all of our research on macroeconomics, monetary policy, payments, banking, regional and community issues in one location.

Agriculture & the Economy

Insights on agricultural and rural economies regionally and nationally.

Banking, Payments & Financial Markets

Issues affecting the banking and payments industries.

Jackson Hole Economic Policy Symposium

Our annual symposium draws central bankers, policymakers, academics and economists from around the world. The proceedings include papers, commentaries and discussions.
About the Symposium | Archive

The Kansas City Fed Data Curation Initiative

KCDC staff select, evaluate, and present information about data sources to help researchers more easily understand how certain data are created, described, and used.

Monetary Policy & Macroeconomics

Issues of importance to the Federal Reserve, including financial markets, banking, monetary policy and more.

Community Research

Economic issues affecting low- and moderate- income communities, including fair and impartial access to credit.

Regional Research

Economic geography and developments for national monetary policy deliberations.