Kansas City Fed History
The Federal Reserve was established by Congress and signed by President Woodrow Wilson in 1913. It was preceded by financial panics, bank failures and business bankruptcies that severely disrupted the economy. There were two prior attempts at establishing central banks.
Through the years
Planning for the Federal Reserve Centennial
The Federal Reserve will mark the 100-year anniversary of the signing of the Federal Reserve Act. Learn more about us, our history, our people and how the Federal Reserve affects you.
Our historyThe Kansas City Fed's history is detailed in three books. Historic dates are also listed on our timeline.
Confidence Restored: The History of the Tenth District's Federal Reserve Bank
Read about the Kansas City Fed's past through the leaders and innovations that shaped our development into what we are today.
The Balance of Power: The Political Fight for an Independent Central Bank, 1790 - present
This book was created to help Federal Reserve Bank directors, who are responsible for the governance of their Districts and the guardianship of the Federal Reserve System.
Integrity, Fairness and Resolve: Lessons from Bill Taylor and the Last Financial Crisis
This brief biography focuses on the leadership of the Fed's long-time head of banking supervision during the financial crisis of the 1980s and the parallels to today's turmoil.